Communities are viewed as living entities that are both healthy and thriving or in decline. This assignment focuses on one phase of the community nursing process: community assessment. Just as with an individual client’s health assessment of specific body systems, communities have systems that can be assessed to determine if they are functioning to meet the health needs of the population.
Each student will choose a community (town or city) on which to conduct an in-depth assessment. You will conduct a Windshield Survey, and gather data using The Community Data Gathering Guide
Develop a PowerPoint or video presentation summarizing your findings. (Length: 15-20 slides)
Presenter notes must be included on each slide
APA format (Cite sources on slides and include a reference page at the end listing all your sources)
Minimum of 6 references required
Community Data Gathering Guide: The core of the community is its people (population), characteristics and values/beliefs. In addition, every community is affected by 10 subsystems. Each of these must be addressed in your PowerPoint.
What are the boundaries of the community?
What is the climate, air, and water quality?
Describe the type and condition of the housing; what is the overall appearance of the neighborhoods?
Is there specialized housing available for low income, elderly and disabled populations?
How is waste collected/ disposed? Include information on sewage, industrial waste, and toxic chemicals.
What are environmental characteristics that pose health risks, potential for man-made or natural disaster?
Size, what is the stability over time?
Any significant changes in population size or characteristics?
What are predominant racial/ethnic, religious groups?
What is the age and gender breakdown of the population?
Who are the major employers in the community?
What are the major occupations of the population >25 years of age?
What is the median income of the population (per household)?
What percent of the population falls below the poverty level?
What is the type of government, political party in power?
Who are current officials, health officer?
What is access to government officials by the community residents?
Are there community meetings? Are they well attended?
What citizen groups are active?
Are residents satisfied with current conditions?
Is the community open to change?
Health/ Social Systems:
What are morbidity and mortality rates for this population? How do they compare with state and national rates? What are the three leading causes of death?
What type and number of health services/providers are available? Are they adequate for the population? Include acute care, specialized and long-term care facilities.
What types of specialized services exist for complex needs of older adults?
What voluntary and non-voluntary emergency services are available?
What is the role of the Health Department? What health education/health screening services are available? How well are community health programs utilized?
Are there libraries in the community? Are they handicap-accessible?
How many schools are in the community? What grade level, public or private, what are enrollments?
Are there specialized educational facilities for developmentally disabled populations?
Are school programs culturally and linguistically appropriate for the population?
What are the educational levels of the population >25 years of age?
What is the rate of violent crime? Compare with the last five years, to other communities of similar size and characteristics, state and national average.
What are the characteristics of the fire and police departments, and Ambulance transport?
Is public transportation available, adequate?
Are shopping facilities available/adequate/accessible?
How does the population learn about community events?
What television, radio and other communication systems (cable, etc.) serve the community?
What print media are available? Which is/are most commonly used by the residents?
Are communication systems effective? Does the population feel adequately informed?
What public recreation facilities are available?
What recreation activities does the community commonly use?
What recreation services are available and utilized by children, seniors, and disabled populations?
What are the types of churches, houses of worship or faith-based organizations?
Is there more than one type of denomination or are most of the houses of worship for one type of religion?
Is religion important to the community?
GRADING RUBRIC: Assignment #4 Community Assessment PowerPoint
Criteria Points Points
Define the community you assessed and the day/time the assessment was conducted.
Why did you choose this community?
Data Collection Methods: How was primary data about the community assessment collected? What sources were used to collect secondary data? 20
Assessment of each of the 10 subsystems in the Community data gathering Guide (5 points per system) 50
Identify 3 strengths and 3 weaknesses exhibited by the community. Provide a rationale for your choices
Format & APA (Title slide, in-text citations, reference page, spelling, grammar, etc.)
Minimum of 6 references required
PART Two: WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT #6 (Week 8)….COMMUNITY EDUCATION INTERVENTION PAPER
In this paper, you will focus on ONE of the “health needs” you identified in Part I.
A minimum of 3 three scholarly sources written within the last 5 (five) years is required.
Identify a “Health Need” which relates to your community from Part I of your Community Assessment. How does this “health need” align with the Healthy People 2020 objectives (www.healthypeople.gov)? Complete a literature review that relates to the “health need” you identified. Discuss the significance of the problem and relationship to the overall well-being of your community and support this problem with data collected from your community. Answer questions such as: Which problems are important to the community? Which segments of the population are most affected? What are the benefits to the community? What happens to the community or the population if the problem is or not resolved? How do politics, community values, and community priorities affect efforts to solve the problem? What does the community expect to happen? Once the high priority problem has been identified, relevant goals and objectives are developed.
Identify one goal to address the problem you identified. Then, identify 3 behavioral objectives to achieve the goal. Lastly, identify at least three strategies (or interventions) for each behavioral objective, you must include primary interventions, secondary interventions, and tertiary interventions
Identify the community resources necessary to initiate this project, including personnel, estimated costs and equipment.
Identify the evaluation criteria to measure the effectiveness of your plan and interventions. In other words, how you will evaluate if the learning objectives were met? Describe the evaluation methods in relation to the objectives and be specific.