Assignment: Sleep Deprivation Diagnosis and Management
Using the Health Psychology publications listed under this week’s Electronic Reserve Readings, find an article of interest published within the last 6 months.
Write a 1,050- to 1,200-word paper that includes the following:
- A brief summary of the issue presented
- The article’s strengths and weaknesses
- The source’s credibility
- The importance of critically evaluating information presented in research studies and other professional articles, postings, and publications
- The utility of this information for a behavioral health researcher
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.
Cite at least three peer-reviewed sources.
Sleep Deprivation Potentiates HPA Axis Stress Reactivity in Healthy Adults Jared Minkel, Marisa Moreta, Julianne Muto, Oo Htaik, Christopher Jones, Mathias Basner, and David Dinges Online First Publication, May 12, 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0034219
CITATION Minkel, J., Moreta, M., Muto, J., Htaik, O., Jones, C., Basner, M., & Dinges, D. (2014, May 12). Sleep Deprivation Potentiates HPA Axis Stress Reactivity in Healthy Adults. Health Psychology. Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0034219
Sleep Deprivation Potentiates HPA Axis Stress Reactivity in Healthy Adults
Jared Minkel, Marisa Moreta, Julianne Muto, Oo Htaik, Christopher Jones, Mathias Basner, and David Dinges
University of Pennsylvania
Objective: This article describes an experiment that was designed to investigate the effects of sleep deprivation on physiological stress responses in healthy adults. Method: Twenty-six participants, ages 22–49, completed a 3-night laboratory experiment with randomization to one night of sleep-deprivation or a normal-sleep control condition. After a night of baseline sleep, 12 participants were sleep deprived and 14 were not. After the sleep manipulation, each participant completed the Trier Social Stress Test, a task that requires delivering a speech and performing difficult arithmetic in front of a stern, three-person panel.
The stressor was administered from 5:00 p.m.–5:30 p.m. and saliva samples were collected 20 and 5 min before (baseline) and 5, 20, and 40 min after the stressor. Samples were assayed for cortisol (a biomarker for the HPA axis) and alpha-amylase (a putative biomarker for the sympatho-adrenal medullar system). Results: Sleep deprivation was associated with higher cortisol levels at baseline (p � .0001) and an amplified cortisol response to the stressor relative to control participants (pinteraction � 0.0039).
Alpha-amylase showed a significant main effect of the stressor (p � .0026), but there was no effect of sleep loss at baseline or in response to the stressor. Conclusions: Sleep deprivation is associated with both elevated resting cortisol release and with an exaggerated cortisol response to a stressor indicative of elevated HPA axis responses in healthy adults. Individual differences in the magnitude of this response may represent a risk factor for psychological and physical health consequences associated with height- ened cortisol exposure.
Keywords: cortisol, alpha amylase, sleep deprivation, stress
Inadequate sleep is common in modern society and has been associated with impaired cognitive and emotional function (Gujar, Yoo, Hu, & Walker, 2011; Minkel, Htaik, Banks, & Dinges, 2010; Van Dongen, Maislin, Mullington, & Dinges, 2003; Yoo, Gujar, Hu, Jolesz, & Walker, 2007), but the effects of sleep deprivation on human physiological stress responses have not been investi- gated.
Several clinical syndromes involve both sleep disruption and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis hyperactivity, in- cluding insomnia, depression, Cushing’s syndrome, and sleep dis- ordered breathing (Balbo, Leproult, & Van Cauter, 2010), but it is not yet clear whether this association is cause or consequence of sleep problems. Previous studies have manipulated sleep duration and measured resting levels of stress hormones (e.g., Leproult). Sleep Deprivation Diagnosis and Management.
Important information for writing discussion questions and participation
Please read through the following information on writing a Discussion question response and participation posts.
Contact me if you have any questions.
Important information on Writing a Discussion Question
- Your response needs to be a minimum of 150 words (not including your list of references)
- There needs to be at least TWO references with ONE being a peer reviewed professional journal article.
- Include in-text citations in your response
- Do not include quotes—instead summarize and paraphrase the information
- Follow APA-7th edition
- Points will be deducted if the above is not followed
Participation –replies to your classmates or instructor
- A minimum of 6 responses per week, on at least 3 days of the week.
- Each response needs at least ONE reference with citations—best if it is a peer reviewed journal article
- Each response needs to be at least 75 words in length (does not include your list of references)
- Responses need to be substantive by bringing information to the discussion or further enhance the discussion. Responses of “I agree” or “great post” does not count for the word count.
- Follow APA 7th edition
- Points will be deducted if the above is not followed
- Remember to use and follow APA-7th edition for all weekly assignments, discussion questions, and participation points.
- Here are some helpful links
- Student paper example
- Citing Sources
- The Writing Center is a great resource
Welcome to class
Hello class and welcome to the class and I will be your instructor for this course. This is a -week course and requires a lot of time commitment, organization, and a high level of dedication. Please use the class syllabus to guide you through all the assignments required for the course. I have also attached the classroom policies to this announcement to know your expectations for this course. Please review this document carefully and ask me any questions if you do. You could email me at any time or send me a message via the “message” icon in halo if you need to contact me. I check my email regularly, so you should get a response within 24 hours. If you have not heard from me within 24 hours and need to contact me urgently, please send a follow up text to.
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Plagiarism is highly prohibited. Please ensure you are citing your sources correctly using APA 7th edition. All assignments including discussion posts should be formatted in APA with the appropriate spacing, font, margin, and indents. Any papers not well formatted would be returned back to you, hence, I advise you review APA formatting style. I have attached a sample paper in APA format and will also post sample discussion responses in subsequent announcements.
Your initial discussion post should be a minimum of 200 words and response posts should be a minimum of 150 words. Be advised that I grade based on quality and not necessarily the number of words you post. A minimum of TWO references should be used for your initial post. For your response post, you do not need references as personal experiences would count as response posts. If you however cite anything from the literature for your response post, it is required that you cite your reference. You should include a minimum of THREE references for papers in this course. Please note that references should be no more than 5 years old except recommended as a resource for the class. Furthermore, for each discussion board question, you need ONE initial substantive response and TWO substantive responses to either your classmates or your instructor for a total of THREE responses. There are TWO discussion questions each week, hence, you need a total minimum of SIX discussion posts for each week. I usually post a discussion question each week. You could also respond to these as it would count towards your required SIX discussion posts for the week.
I understand this is a lot of information to cover in 5 weeks, however, the Bible says in Philippians 4:13 that we can do all things through Christ that strengthens us. Even in times like this, we are encouraged by God’s word that we have that ability in us to succeed with His strength. I pray that each and every one of you receives strength for this course and life generally as we navigate through this pandemic that is shaking our world today. Relax and enjoy the course!