NURS 6630 Assignment Short Answer Assessment

Assignment: Short Answer Assessment
NURS 6630 Assignment Short Answer Assessment

As a psychiatric nurse practitioner, before you can recommend potential pharmacotherapeutics to address a patient’s condition or disorder, you must understand the basic function and structure of the neuron and central nervous system. For this Assignment, you will review and apply your understanding of neuroanatomy by addressing a set of short answer prompts.
To Prepare:

Review the Learning Resources for this week in preparation to complete this Assignment.
Reflect on the basic function and structure of the neuron in relation to the central nervous system.
Reflect on the inter-connectedness between neurons and the central nervous system, including the pathway and distribution of electrical impulses.
Reflect on how neurons communicate with each other and review the concept of neuroplasticity.

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To complete:
Address the following Short
NURS 6630 Assignment Short Answer Assessment
t Answer prompts for your Assignment. Be sure to include references to the Learning Resources for this week.
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In 4 or 5 sentences, describe the anatomy of the basic unit of the nervous system, the neuron. Include each part of the neuron and a general overview of electrical impulse conduction, the pathway it travels, and the net result at the termination of the impulse. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630 Assignment Short Answer Assessment

Nervous System

The nervous system comprises of the central nervous which is made up of the spinal cord, brain, and peripheral nervous system that are made up of nerves arising from the spinal cord to other body parts. Neuron is the basic unit of the nervous system. The neuron has parts that include nerves, cell body, nucleus, axons, and dendrites. Electrical impulse transmission such as sensation of pain comprises of an action potential that is generated in the brain or organ, action potential is transmitted to the neuron, axon where it is transformed into chemical signal, release of neurotransmitters that move through the synapse to the next dendrite where it is converted to electrical signal. The process repeats itself until the signal reaches the target organ where it is terminated.

Answer the following (listing is acceptable for these questions):

What are the major components that make up the subcortical structures?
Which component plays a role in learning, memory, and addiction?
What are the two key neurotransmitters located in the nigra striatal region of the brain that play a major role in motor control?

In 3 or 4 sentences, explain how glia cells function in the central nervous system. Be specific and provide examples.
The synapse is an area between two neurons that allows for chemical communication. In 3 or 4 sentences, explain what part of the neurons are communicating with each other and in which direction does this communication occur? Be specific.
In 3–5 sentences, explain the concept of “neuroplasticity.” Be specific and provide examples.

By Day 7
Submit your Assignment.
Submission and Grading Information
To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:

Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK1Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
Click the Week 1 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
Click the Week 1 Assignment link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK1Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.
If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.

Week 1: Introduction to Neuroanatomy
The human brain is organized into the cerebral cortex, brainstem, subcortical structures, and the cerebellum. These anatomical structures are made of inter-connected elements that create distributed and highly inter-connected circuits. It is in these circuits where cognition, behavior, and affect are processed.

In 4 or 5 sentences, describe the anatomy of the basic unit of the nervous system, the neuron. Include each part of the neuron and a general overview of electrical impulse conduction, the pathway it travels, and the net result at the termination of the impulse. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630 Assignment Short Answer Assessment

—Camprodon, J. A., & Roffman, J. L. (2016, p. 6)
By using a combination of psychotherapy and medication therapy, psychiatric nurse practitioners (PNP) are positioned to provide a very unique type of care to patients with psychiatric disorders. To be successful in this role, you must have a strong theoretical foundation in pathophysiology, psychopharmacology, and neuroscience. This foundation will help you assess, diagnose, and treat patients as you relate presenting symptoms to theoretical neuronal functioning.
This week, as you begin to study psychopharmacology, you will explore the basic functional unit of the nervous system, the neuron. You will review the structure of the neuron and you will examine the anatomy of the central nervous system and consider the functionality of the different structure and outward (phenotypic) expression of their activities. You will analyze these concepts as you complete your short answer assessment for this week.
Reference:
Camprodon, J. A., & Roffman, J. L. (2016). Psychiatric neuroscience: Incorporating pathophysiology into clinical case formulation. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 1–19). Elsevier.
Learning Objectives
Students will:
Describe the functions and structures of the central nervous system
Describe the different structures that make up the neuron
Explain the function of neurons in intracellular communication
Learning Resources
Required Readings (click to expand/reduce)
Camprodon, J. A., & Roffman, J. L. (2016). Psychiatric neuroscience: Incorporating pathophysiology into clinical case formulation. In T. A. Stern, M. Favo, T. E. Wilens, & J. F. Rosenbaum. (Eds.), Massachusetts General Hospital psychopharmacology and neurotherapeutics (pp. 1–19). Elsevier.
Required Media (click to expand/reduce)
Psychopharmacologic Approaches to Treatment of Psychopathology (3m)Accessible player –Downloads–
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Optional Resources (click to expand/reduce)
Pathopharmacology: Disorders of the Nervous System: Exploring the Human Brain
Dr. Norbert Myslinski reviews the structure and function of the human brain. Using human brains, he examines and illustrates the development of the brain and areas impacted by disorders associated with the brain. (15m)Accessible player –Downloads–
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Introduction to Advanced Pharmacology
In this media presentation, Dr. Terry Buttaro, associate professor of practice at Simmons School of Nursing and Health Sciences, discusses the importance of pharmacology for the advanced practice nurse. (6m)Accessible player –Downloads–
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Assignment: Practicum Manual Acknowledgment
The Practicum Manual describes the structure and timing of the classroom-based and practicum experiences and the policies students must follow to be successful in the nurse practitioner (NP) specialties.
Field Experience: MSN Nurse Practitioner Practicum Manual
Click here and follow the instructions to confirm you have downloaded and read the entire MSN Nurse Practitioner Practicum Manual and will abide by the requirements described in order to successfully complete this program.

In 4 or 5 sentences, describe the anatomy of the basic unit of the nervous system, the neuron. Include each part of the neuron and a general overview of electrical impulse conduction, the pathway it travels, and the net result at the termination of the impulse. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6630 Assignment Short Answer Assessment

Optional Discussion Forum: PMHNP Study Support Lounge
The PMHNP Study Support Lounge is offered throughout the course as a place of academic refuge, where you can ask questions, offer insights, and interact with your peers. Your Instructor may also weigh in to provide global feedback to the group based on trends, common problems, and common strengths in student posts.
As a peer, you are encouraged to provide constructive, helpful feedback to your peers. Advanced practice nurses always benefit from the feedback of others. Your Study Support Lounge posts may be procedural (“How do I attach a Kaltura video to a Discussion post?”), conceptual (“How does this relate to the other therapy approaches we have studied?”), or analytical (“What do these diagnostic results actually mean in the context of this specific patient case?”). Although not mandatory, this is an opportunity to interact and study together as you navigate the assignments, so you are highly encouraged to take part in this activity. Full participation in activities like these is a statistically significant predictor of success.
To Participate in this Optional Discussion:
PMHNP Study Support Lounge
Rubric Detail
Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.
Name: NURS_6630_Week1_Assignment_Rubric
Grid View
List View
Excellent
Point range: 90–100
Good
Point range: 80–89
Fair
Point range: 70–79
Poor
Point range: 0–69
In 4 or 5 sentences, describe the anatomy of the basic unit of the nervous sytem, the neuron. Include each part of the neuron and a general overview of electrical impulse conduction, the pathway it travels, and the net result at the termination of the impulse. Be specific and provide examples.
12 (16%) – 13 (17.33%)
The response accurately and clearly describes in detail the anatomy of the neuron. The response accurately and clearly describes in detail each part of the neuron, and it includes a detailed explanation of the general overview of electrical impulse conduction, the pathway it travels, and the net result at the termination of the impulse.
Examples fully support the response provided.
11 (14.67%) – 11 (14.67%)
The response accurately describes the anatomy of the neuron. The response accurately describes each part of the neuron, and it includes a general overview of electrical impulse conduction, the pathway it travels, and the net result at the termination of the impulse.
Examples support the response provided.
10 (13.33%) – 10 (13.33%)
The response provides an inaccurate or vague description of the anatomy of the neuron. The response inaccurately or vaguely describes each part of the neuron, and it includes an inaccurate or vague overview of electrical impulse conduction, the pathway it travels, and the net result at the termination of the impulse.
Examples vaguely support the response provided.
0 (0%) – 9 (12%)
The response provides an inaccurate or incomplete description of the anatomy of the neuron, or is missing. The response inaccurately or incompletely describes each part of the neuron, and it includes an inaccurate or vague overview of electrical impulse conduction, the pathway it travels, and the net result at the termination of the impulse, or is missing.
Examples do not support the response provided, or is missing.
Answer the following (listing is acceptable for these questions):
a. What are the major components that make up the subcortical structures?
b. Which component plays a role in learning, memory, and addiction?
c. What are the two key neurotransmitters located in the nigra striatal region of the brain that play a major role in motor control?
12 (16%) – 13 (17.33%)
The response accurately and clearly details the major components that make up the subcortical structures.
The response accurately and clearly details which component plays a role in learning, memory, and addiction.
The response accurately and clearly identifies the two neurotransmitters located in the nigra striatal region of the brain that play a major role in motor control.
11 (14.67%) – 11 (14.67%)
The response accurately identifies the major components that make up the subcortical structures.
The response accurately identifies which component plays a role in learning, memory, and addiction.
The response accurately identifies the two neurotransmitters located in the nigra striatal region of the brain that play a major role in motor control.
10 (13.33%) – 10 (13.33%)
The response inaccurately identifies the major components that make up the subcortical structures.
The response inaccurately identifies which component plays a role in learning, memory, and addiction.
The response inaccurately identifies two neurotransmitters located in the nigra striatal region of the brain that play a major role in motor control.
0 (0%) – 9 (12%)
The response inaccurately and incompletely identifies the major components that make up the subcortical structures, or is missing.
The response inaccurately and incompletely identifies which component plays a role in learning, memory, and addiction, or is missing.
The response inaccurately and incompletely identifies two neurotransmitters in the nigra striatal region of the brain that play a major role in motor control, or is missing.
In 3 or 4 sentences, explain how glia cells function in the central nervous system. Be specific and provide examples.
12 (16%) – 13 (17.33%)
The response accurately and clearly explains in detail how glia cells function in the central nervous system.
Examples fully support the response provided.
11 (14.67%) – 11 (14.67%)
The response accurately explains how glia cells function in the central nervous system.
Examples support the response provided.
10 (13.33%) – 10 (13.33%)
The response inaccurately or vaguely explains how glia cells function in the central nervous system.
Examples inaccurately or vaguely support the response provided.
0 (0%) – 9 (12%)
The response inaccurately and vaguely explains how glia cells function in the central nervous system, or is missing.
Examples do not support the response provided, or is missing.
The synapse is an area between two neurons that allows for chemical communication. In 3 or 4 sentences, explain what part of the neurons are communicating with each other and in which direction does this communication occur? Be specific.
12 (16%) – 13 (17.33%)
The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the part of the neurons that communicate with each other and the direction in which this communication occurs.
11 (14.67%) – 11 (14.67%)
The response accurately explains the part of the neurons that communicate with each other and the direction in which this communication occurs.
10 (13.33%) – 10 (13.33%)
The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the part of the neurons that communicate with each other and the direction in which this communication occurs.
0 (0%) – 9 (12%)
The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the part of the neurons that communicate with each other and the direction in which this communication occurs, or is missing.
In 3–5 sentences, explain the concept of “neuroplasticity.” Be specific and provide examples.
12 (16%) – 13 (17.33%)
The response accurately and clearly explains in detail the concept of neuroplasticity.
Examples provided fully support the response provided.
11 (14.67%) – 11 (14.67%)
The response accurately explains the concept of neuroplasticity.
Examples provided support the response provided.
10 (13.33%) – 10 (13.33%)
The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the concept of neuroplasticity.
Examples inaccurately or vaguely support the response provided.
0 (0%) – 9 (12%)
The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the concept of neuroplasticity, or is missing.
Examples do not support the response provided, or is missing.
Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:
Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation
5 (6.67%) – 5 (6.67%)
Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.
4 (5.33%) – 4 (5.33%)
Contains a few (1 or 2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.
3.5 (4.67%) – 3.5 (4.67%)
Contains several (3 or 4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.
0 (0%) – 2 (2.67%)
Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.
Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list.
5 (6.67%) – 5 (6.67%)
Uses correct APA format with no errors.
4 (5.33%) – 4 (5.33%)
Contains a few (1 or 2) APA format errors.
3.5 (4.67%) – 3.5 (4.67%)
Contains several (3 or 4) APA format errors.
0 (0%) – 2 (2.67%)
Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors.
Total Points: 75
Name: NURS_6630_Week1_Assignment_Rubric
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