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Discussion: Agenda Comparison  Grids


Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids

I think you did a great job with your grid. I have an old coworker that has been diagnosed with lung cancer recently. She has never smoked a cigarette in her life. For that reason alone, I found your topic very interesting. Tobacco use is linked to so many health concerns. Cigarette use has also been linked to an increased moderate risk of developing breast cancer with heavy use, early age of initiation, and long duration (Nova, 2013). With the rise in lung cancer cases across the world, businesses are becoming stricter and enforcing smoke-free environments. Additionally, after researching your subject I found another interesting fact. Up until recently, e-cigarette use, and sales were unregulated by the United States (Unger, Barker, Baezconde-Garbanati, Soto, & Sussman, 2017). I had no clue so thank you for educating me on this topic.

One thing I might change is when you mention President Bush having no significant proposals. Though that may be true, maybe you could locate an article stating his position on tobacco use. If he was a smoker, non-smoker, etc. President Bush also had other members of his administration that you could look into to see if they had a tobacco initiative, including First Lady Bush. My only change would be to list something. Other than that, thank you for a great read. Good luck with your final assignment.


Nova, S. P. I. (2013). Cigarette consumption and health effects. Retrieved from


Unger, J. B., Barker, D., Baezconde-Garbanati, L., Soto, D. W., & Sussman, S. (2017).

Support for electronic cigarette regulations among california voters.Tobacco Control, 26(3), 334. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-052918

Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids

Regardless of political affiliation, every citizen has a stake in healthcare policy decisions. Hence, it is little wonder why healthcare items become such high-profile components of presidential agendas. It is also little wonder why they become such hotly debated agenda items.

Part 1 of this module’s Assignment asked you to start working on an Agenda Comparison Grid to compare the impact of the current/sitting U.S. president’s agenda and the agendas of the two previous presidents on the healthcare item you chose to study. During this Discussion, you will share your first draft with your colleagues in order to receive feedback for your final version.

To Get Ready:

Examine the resources and consider the significance of agenda setting.
Examine how federal agendas promote healthcare issues and how these issues become agenda priorities.
Review Part 1 of the Module 1 Assignment and complete the Discussion requirements.

ORDER NOW FOR AN ORIGINAL PAPER ASSIGNMENT: Discussion: Agenda Comparison  Grids    

Excellent 45 (45%) – 50 (50%)

Answers all parts of the discussion question(s) expectations with reflective critical analysis and synthesis of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.

Supported by at least three current, credible sources.Written clearly and concisely with no grammatical or spelling errors and fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style. Good 40 (40%) – 44 (44%)

Responds to the discussion question(s) and is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.

At least 75% of post has exceptional depth and breadth.Supported by at least three credible sources.Written clearly and concisely with one or no grammatical or spelling errors and fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style. Fair 35 (35%) – 39 (39%)

Responds to some of the discussion question(s).

One or two criteria are not addressed or are superficially addressed.Is somewhat lacking reflection and critical analysis and synthesis.Somewhat represents knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.Post is cited with two credible sources.Written somewhat concisely; may contain more than two spelling or grammatical errors.Contains some APA formatting errors. Poor 0 (0%) – 34 (34%)

Does not respond to the discussion question(s) adequately.
Lacks depth or superficially addresses criteria.Lacks reflection and critical analysis and synthesis.Does not represent knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.Contains only one or no credible sources.Not written clearly or concisely.Contains more than two spelling or grammatical errors.Does not adhere to current APA manual writing rules and style.

Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids

Assignment: Agenda Comparison Grid and Fact Sheet or Talking Points Brief
It may seem to you that healthcare has been a national topic of debate among political leaders for as long as you can remember.

Healthcare has been a policy item and a topic of debate not only in recent times but as far back as the administration of the second U.S. president, John Adams. In 1798, Adams signed legislation requiring that 20 cents per month of a sailor’s paycheck be set aside for covering their medical bills. This represented the first major piece of U.S. healthcare legislation, and the topic of healthcare has been woven into presidential agendas and political debate ever since.

As a healthcare professional, you may be called upon to provide expertise, guidance and/or opinions on healthcare matters as they are debated for inclusion into new policy. You may also be involved in planning new organizational policy and responses to changes in legislation. For all of these reasons you should be prepared to speak to national healthcare issues making the news.

You will analyze recent presidential healthcare agendas in this Assignment. You will also create a fact sheet to communicate the significance of a healthcare issue and the impact of recent or proposed policy on this issue.

Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids

To Get Ready:

Examine the agenda priorities of the current/sitting President of the United States and the two previous presidential administrations.
Choose a healthcare-related issue addressed by each of the last three U.S. presidential administrations.
Consider the focus of their respective agendas, including the allocation of financial resources to address the healthcare issue you have chosen.
Consider how you would explain the significance of a healthcare issue to a legislator/policymaker or a member of their staff in order for it to be included on an agenda.
The task at hand: (1- to 2-page Comparison Grid, 1-Page Analysis, and 1-page Fact Sheet)

Part 1: Comparison Grid for Agendas

Complete Part 1: Agenda Comparison Grid based on the current/sitting U.S. president and the two previous presidential administrations’ agendas related to the public health concern you selected using the Agenda Comparison Grid Template found in the Learning Resources. Make certain to address the following:

Identify and briefly describe the population health concern you chose, as well as the factors that contribute to it.
Describe the administrative agenda focus on the issue you chose.
Determine the financial and other resources allotted to this issue by the current and two previous presidents.
Explain how each presidential administration handled the issue.
(By Day 3 of Week 1, a draft of Part 1: Agenda Comparison Grid should be posted to the Module 1 Discussion Board.)





You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.

Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids

The Problem of Substance Abuse and Addiction in Healthcare

Substance abuse and addiction are problematic because they cause harm to both the environment and the users. Notably, substance addiction and misuse inflict around $420 billion in annual economic damage, while the healthcare industry spends approximately $120 billion on treatment (McLellan, 2017).
In addition, substance abuse and addiction result in the deterioration of the social system, education, and health, as well as the death of young people due to accidents, pharmaceutical overdoses, and drug-related violence.
Substance abuse and dependency are epidemic. In 2017, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), roughly 47,600 people died from an opioid overdose, while others were revived with the antagonist naloxone (Cicero, Ellis & Kasper, 2020).
Therefore, the agenda for mitigating misuse and diversion must be considered in the legislation. The nurse’s role in the agenda-setting process for substance abuse and addiction is to suggest the most effective treatment method to reduce opioid usage.
In addition, nurses play a role in informing about the impact of substance use on individuals and providing information on the areas that must be addressed when establishing intervention strategies (Laureate Education (Producer), 2018). Moreover, by knowing political engagements, nurses assist legislators in determining the most effective means to promote regulation and state rule change (0’Rourke et al., 2017). Finally, the nurse has a role in evaluating the potential efficacy of brief therapies for substance abuse and addiction patients. Therefore, nurses have a role in ensuring that the law provides kids with relevant and required services that are easily available.

Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids
T. J. Cicero, M. S. Ellis, and Z. A. Kasper (2020). A broader knowledge of polysubstance use throughout the opioid crisis. 244-250 in American Journal of Public Health, 110(2).
Produced by Laureate Education (2018). Agenda Setting [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author A. T. McLellan (2017). Why are substance abuse and substance use disorders important in healthcare? American Clinical and Climatological Association Transactions, 128, 112.
O’Rourke, N. C., S. L. Crawford, N. S. Morris, and J. Pulcini (2017). The effectiveness and participation of nurse practitioners in politics. 135-135 in Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice, 18(3).


Discussion Questions (DQ)

Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.
Weekly Participation

Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.
APA Format and Writing Quality

Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.
Use of Direct Quotes

I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.
LopesWrite Policy

For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.
Late Policy

The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.

Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.

Module 1: Agenda Setting (Weeks 1-2)

Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). Meet the Experts: Pioneers in Policy [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). The Policy Process [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Learning Objectives

The students will:

Priorities on the U.S. presidential agenda
Examine how administrative agencies can assist in addressing healthcare issues.
Examine how healthcare issues are placed on administrative agendas.
Determine healthcare champions or sponsors.
Create fact sheets to share with policymakers or legislators.
Justify the nurse’s role in setting the agenda for healthcare issues.


Due By Assignment
Week 1, Days 1–2 Read/Watch/Listen to the Learning Resources.
Compose your initial Discussion post.
Begin to compose a draft of your Assignment.
Week 1, Day 3 Post your draft of Part 1 of your Assignment as the initial Discussion post.
Begin to compose your final draft of your Assignment.
Week 1, Days 4-5 Review peer Discussion posts.
Compose your peer Discussion responses.
Continue to compose your final draft of your Assignment.
Week 1, Day 6 Post at least two peer Discussion responses on two different days (and not the same day as the initial post).
Continue to compose your final draft of your Assignment.
Week 1, Day 7 Wrap up Discussion.
Week 2, Day 1–6 Review the responses to your initial post in the Discussion and revise your Assignment accordingly.
Continue to compose and refine the final draft of your Assignment.
Week 2, Day 7 Deadline to submit your Assignment.

Photo Credit: [Anuska Sampedro]/[Moment]/Getty Images

Note: To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.

Required Readings

Milstead, J. A., & Short, N. M. (2019). Health policy and politics: A nurse’s guide (6th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

  • Chapter 1, “Informing Public Policy: An Important Role for Registered Nurses” (pp. 11–13 only)
  • Chapter 2, “Agenda Setting: What Rises to a Policymaker’s Attention?” (pp. 17–36)
  • Chapter 10, “Overview: The Economics and Finance of Health Care” (pp. 171–180)
  • Chapter 12, “An Insider’s Guide to Engaging in Policy Activities”
    • “Creating a Fact Sheet” (pp. 217-221)

DeMarco, R., & Tufts, K. A. (2014). The mechanics of writing a policy brief. Nursing Outlook, 62(3), 219–224. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2014.04.002

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.

Kingdon, J. W. (2001). A model of agenda-setting, with applications. Law Review, M.S.U.-D.C.L., 2(331).

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.

Lamb, G., Newhouse, R., Beverly, C., Toney, D. A., Cropley, S., Weaver, C. A., Kurtzman, E., … Peterson, C. (2015). Policy agenda for nurse-led care coordination. Nursing Outlook, 63(4), 521–530. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2015.06.003

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.

O’Rourke, N. C., Crawford, S. L., Morris, N. S., & Pulcini, J. (2017). Political efficacy and participation of nurse practitioners. Policy, Politics, and Nursing Practice, 18(3), 135–148. doi:10.1177/1527154417728514

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.

Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Enhancing Environmental Health Content in Nursing Practice, Pope, A. M., Snyder, M. A., & Mood, L. H. (Eds.). (n.d.). Nursing health, & environment: Strengthening the relationship to improve the public’s health. Retrieved September 20, 2018.

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.

USA.gov. (n.d.). A-Z index of U.S. government departments and agencies. Retrieved September 20, 2018, from https://www.usa.gov/federal-agencies/a

USA.gov. (n.d.). Executive departments. Retrieved September 20, 2018, from https://www.usa.gov/executive-departments

The White House. (n.d.). The cabinet. Retrieved September 20, 2018, from https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-trump-administration/the-cabinet/

Document: Agenda Comparison Grid Template (Word document)

Required Media

Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). Setting the Agenda [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.


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