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Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids

Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids.

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Hello, IfI enjoyed reading your agenda grid and suggest you add the point about drug screening implementation of the Bush administration from Dr. Debrew.The Bush administration set strategies on drug uses in three ways, such as preventing through education and screening, providing proper treatment for drug abuse and mental disease associated with it, and disrupting the illegal drug market (The White House, 2008).Urine tests for students’ illegal drug use were introduced in the late 1980s and have been grown up slowly across the states. In June 2002, the United States The Supreme Court expanded public school jurisdiction to screen students for illegal drugs. Currently, if the school believes or has pieces of evidence that students use illicit drugs, they may be asked to give a urinary sample (NIDA, 2017).However, the efficacy of drug testing to reduce the unlawful use of drugs among the students is controversial. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published a policy statement saying that random drug testing on students for illegal drugs has insufficient evidence to show that it is successful, and it insisted that it could be a possible violation of privacy (Sifferlin, 2015).

Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids.


The White House. (2008, March 1). ONDCP Fact Sheet: 2008 National Drug Control Strategy. Retrieved February 28, 2020, from https://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2008/03/20080301-1.html

Sifferlin, A. (2015, March 30). American Academy of Pediatrics Advises Against In-School Drug Testing. Retrieved February 28, 2020, from https://time.com/3761571/drug-testing-schools/

NIDA. (2017, May 4). Frequently Asked Questions About Drug Testing in Schools. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/related-topics/drug-testing/faq-drug-testing-in-schools on 2020, February 28

Regardless of political affiliation, every citizen has a stake in healthcare policy decisions. Hence, it is little wonder why healthcare items become such high-profile components of presidential agendas. It is also little wonder why they become such hotly debated agenda items.

In Part 1 of this module’s Assignment, you were asked to begin work on an Agenda Comparison Grid to compare the impact of the current/sitting U.S. president and the two previous presidents’ agendas on the healthcare item you selected for study. In this Discussion, you will share your first draft with your colleagues to receive feedback to be applied to your final version.

Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids.

To Prepare:

  • Review the Resources and reflect on the importance of agenda setting.
  • Consider how federal agendas promote healthcare issues and how these healthcare issues become agenda priorities.
  • Review Part 1 of the Module 1 Assignment and complete the requirements for this Discussion.

By Day 3 of Week 1

Post a draft of the Agenda Comparison Grid you completed for Part 1 of the Agenda Comparison Grid and Fact Sheets or Talking Points Brief Assignment.

By Day 6 of Week 1

Respond to at least two of your colleagues* on two different days and provide a critique on their comparison grids. Suggest at least one feature of your colleagues’ comparison grids that you would revise and explain why. Be specific and provide examples.

*Note: Throughout this program, your fellow students are referred to as colleagues.

Submission and Grading Information

Grading Criteria

To access your rubric:

Week 1 Discussion Rubric

Post by Day 3 and Respond by Day 6 of Week 1

To participate in this Discussion:

Week 1 Discussion

Excellent 45 (45%) – 50 (50%)

Answers all parts of the discussion question(s) expectations with reflective critical analysis and synthesis of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.

Supported by at least three current, credible sources.Written clearly and concisely with no grammatical or spelling errors and fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style. Good 40 (40%) – 44 (44%)

Responds to the discussion question(s) and is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.

At least 75% of post has exceptional depth and breadth.Supported by at least three credible sources.Written clearly and concisely with one or no grammatical or spelling errors and fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style. Fair 35 (35%) – 39 (39%)

Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids.

Responds to some of the discussion question(s).

One or two criteria are not addressed or are superficially addressed.Is somewhat lacking reflection and critical analysis and synthesis.Somewhat represents knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.Post is cited with two credible sources.Written somewhat concisely; may contain more than two spelling or grammatical errors.Contains some APA formatting errors. Poor 0 (0%) – 34 (34%)

Does not respond to the discussion question(s) adequately.
Lacks depth or superficially addresses criteria.Lacks reflection and critical analysis and synthesis.Does not represent knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.Contains only one or no credible sources.Not written clearly or concisely.Contains more than two spelling or grammatical errors.Does not adhere to current APA manual writing rules and style.

Assignment: Agenda Comparison Grid and Fact Sheet or Talking Points Brief
It may seem to you that healthcare has been a national topic of debate among political leaders for as long as you can remember.

Healthcare has been a policy item and a topic of debate not only in recent times but as far back as the administration of the second U.S. president, John Adams. In 1798, Adams signed legislation requiring that 20 cents per month of a sailor’s paycheck be set aside for covering their medical bills. This represented the first major piece of U.S. healthcare legislation, and the topic of healthcare has been woven into presidential agendas and political debate ever since.

As a healthcare professional, you may be called upon to provide expertise, guidance and/or opinions on healthcare matters as they are debated for inclusion into new policy. You may also be involved in planning new organizational policy and responses to changes in legislation. For all of these reasons you should be prepared to speak to national healthcare issues making the news.

In this assignment, you will look at the health plans of recent presidents. You will also make a fact sheet to show how important a health care issue is and how a new or proposed policy will affect it.

Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids.

To Prepare:

Look at the top priorities of the current U.S. president and the two presidents who came before him.
Choose a healthcare issue that has been talked about by each of the last three U.S. presidents.
Think about what is most important on their respective agendas, including how money will be spent to deal with the healthcare issue you chose.
Think about how you would explain the importance of a healthcare issue to a lawmaker or a member of their staff so that it could be added to an agenda.

What You Need to Do: (1- to 2-page Comparison Grid, 1-Page Analysis, and 1-page Fact Sheet)

Part 1: Grid to Compare Agendas

Use the Agenda Comparison Grid Template found in the Learning Resources to fill out the Part 1: Agenda Comparison Grid based on the current/sitting U.S. president and the two previous presidential administrations’ agendas related to the public health concern you chose. Don’t forget to talk about the following:

Identify and briefly describe the population health concern you chose and the factors that affect it.
Explain how the issue you chose fits into the administrative agenda.
Find out how much money and other resources the current president and the two presidents before him spent on this issue.
Tell how each president’s administration dealt with the problem.

(By the third day of Week 1, a draft of Part 1: Agenda Comparison Grid should be posted on the Module 1 Discussion Board.)

Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids.

Part 2: A comparison grid analysis of the agendas

Part 2 of the template, “Agenda Comparison Grid Analysis,” needs to be filled out using the information you wrote down in Part 1: Agenda Comparison Grid. Here’s what you need to do:

Which government agency is most likely in charge of helping you deal with the health problem you chose?
How do you think the current president and the two presidents who came before him might talk about your chosen health care issue? What keeps it there?
Who would you pick to be the founder, champion, or sponsor of the healthcare issue you chose for the current president and the two presidents before him?

Part 3: A fact sheet or talking points brief

Based on what your colleagues told you in the Discussion, you should change Part 1: Agenda Comparison Grid and Part 2: Analysis of Agenda Comparison Grid.

Then, using the information you wrote on the template in Parts 1 and 2, make a one-page Fact Sheet or Talking Points Brief that you could use to talk to a policymaker/legislator or a member of their staff about this healthcare issue. You can make your Fact Sheet or Talking Point Brief with Microsoft Word or PowerPoint. Don’t forget to talk about the following:

Explain why this health care issue is important and why it should be on the legislative agenda.
Explain how the nurse helps set the agenda for health issues.

Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids.




Module 1: Agenda Setting (Weeks 1-2)

Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). Meet the Experts: Pioneers in Policy [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). The Policy Process [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Learning Objectives
Learners will:
Compare U.S. presidential agenda priorities
Think about how administrative agencies help solve health problems.
Examine how issues related to health care end up on administrative agendas.
Find the leaders or backers of health care issues
Make fact sheets to share with policymakers or politicians.
Explain how the nurse helps set the agenda for health issues.
Assignments are due by
Week 1, Days 1–2
Read, watch, or listen to the resources for learning.
Write your first post in the Discussion section.
Start putting together a rough draft of your Assignment.
Week 1, Day 3: Post your first draft of Part 1 of your assignment as the first Discussion post.
Start writing the last draft of your Assignment.
Week 1, Days 4-5
Read what your peers have said in the Discussion.
Compose your peer Discussion responses.
Keep writing the final version of your Assignment.

Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids.
Week 1, Day 6
Post at least two responses to the peer discussion on different days (and not the same day as the initial post).
Keep writing the final version of your Assignment.
Week 1, Day 7
Bring it all together.
Week 2, Day 1–6
Review how people responded to your first post in the Discussion and make changes to your Assignment based on what you learned.
Continue writing the final draft of your Assignment and making it better.
Week 2, Day 7: You have to turn in your assignment by this time.
Photo Credit: [Anuska Sampedro]/[Moment]/Getty Images

Learning Resources
Note: To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.
Required Readings
Milstead, J. A., & Short, N. M. (2019). Health policy and politics: A nurse’s guide (6th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Chapter 1, “Informing Public Policy: An Important Role for Registered Nurses” (pp. 11–13 only)
Chapter 2, “Agenda Setting: What Rises to a Policymaker’s Attention?” (pp. 17–36)
Chapter 10, “Overview: The Economics and Finance of Health Care” (pp. 171–180)
Chapter 12, “An Insider’s Guide to Engaging in Policy Activities”“Creating a Fact Sheet” (pp. 217-221)
DeMarco, R., & Tufts, K. A. (2014). The mechanics of writing a policy brief. Nursing Outlook, 62(3), 219–224. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2014.04.002

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.
Kingdon, J. W. (2001). A model of agenda-setting, with applications. Law Review, M.S.U.-D.C.L., 2(331).

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.
Lamb, G., Newhouse, R., Beverly, C., Toney, D. A., Cropley, S., Weaver, C. A., Kurtzman, E., … Peterson, C. (2015). Policy agenda for nurse-led care coordination. Nursing Outlook, 63(4), 521–530. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2015.06.003

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.
O’Rourke, N. C., Crawford, S. L., Morris, N. S., & Pulcini, J. (2017). Political efficacy and participation of nurse practitioners. Policy, Politics, and Nursing Practice, 18(3), 135–148. doi:10.1177/1527154417728514

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.
Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Enhancing Environmental Health Content in Nursing Practice, Pope, A. M., Snyder, M. A., & Mood, L. H. (Eds.). (n.d.). Nursing health, & environment: Strengthening the relationship to improve the public’s health. Retrieved September 20, 2018.

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.
USA.gov. (n.d.). A-Z index of U.S. government departments and agencies. Retrieved September 20, 2018, from https://www.usa.gov/federal-agencies/a
USA.gov. (n.d.). Executive departments. Retrieved September 20, 2018, from https://www.usa.gov/executive-departments
The White House. (n.d.). The cabinet. Retrieved September 20, 2018, from https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-trump-administration/the-cabinet/
Document: Agenda Comparison Grid Template (Word document)
Required Media
Laureate Education (Producer). (2018). Setting the Agenda [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids.

You must proofread your pap


.  Sorry for getting back to you late, my work schedule is hectic when I am on call. It is currently 642pm here. I live in Carlif.

I would like to explain further by what I meant when it was stated in my comparison grid in regards to the topic of mental illness and the agenda focus with our current president, President Trump, and our last 2 previous presidents, President George Bush, and President Barack Obama as in how President Barrack Obama’s focus was clearer in eliminating the discrimination between physical and mental illness, than our current President Trump, and our previous President George Bush.

President George Bush in 2004 signed the Mentally lll Offender Treatment and Crime Reduction Act (MIOTCRA), which provided resources to communities for alternatives to disorders. Then again in 2008 President Bush signs the Paul Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addictions Equity Act, that established coverage in health insurance for mental health and substance abuse treatment that had to be equivalent to that for other

President Trump focus on improving health in all domains in the campaign, he later focused the administrative agenda towards eliminating the opioid epidemic. President trump’s budget cuts also reduced Medicaid by 1.4 trillion, Medicare by $500 billion and Social Disability Insurance by $10 billion over ten years (Caren Howard, 2019). Medicaid and Medicare are currently the largest payers of behavioral health services in the country (Caren Howard, 2019).

Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids.

President Barack Obama Extended the vision of Bush in providing more easy and affordable mental health access with mental disorders. In 2010 President Obama signed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). This extended federal mental health parity to Medicaid managed care plans and it also qualified health plans offered through insurance place marketplaces.  In 2011 President Obama signed the Frank Melville Supportive Housing Act which increased federal supportive housing resources for individuals with mental illness and other disabilities, and in 2013 President Obama launches a national dialogue on mental health to increase the understanding and awareness about mental illness.

President Obama’s launch in 2013 put together people from across the country, including mental health advocates, educators, health care providers, as well as members of the Congress, representatives from local governments, as well as individuals who have struggled with mental health problems, to discuss how they can all work together to reduce the stigma that mental illness carries. Including in the topic was the differences between physical and mental illness., and the discrimination between the two in how they are treated.

When someone is hospitalized with a physical illness like for example cancer, it is customary for friends and neighbors to visit, bring get well cards, food, etc. However, when someone is diagnosed with a mental disorder/illness, or substance abuse the case is much different. People tend to avoid them. People with mental disorders/illness, or substance issues carry a stigma with them. They have a hard time finding jobs, lack housing, have inadequate access to treatment, have no insurance, or insurance that does not cover mental health, they have limited educational opportunities, and they are made fun of in the public.

When President Obama signed the Mental Health Reform Act, he has changed the stigma most had on mental illness. Not only did President Obama address the stigma between physical and mental health, he also extended mental health coverage, whereas in 2014, insurers where no longer able to deny anyone coverage because of a pre-existing health condition, which included depression screening for adults and adolescents as well as behavioral assessments for children.

Our previous President Bush, and President Trump did not go into the depth of mental illness concerns, as President Obama had. President Obama. President Busch was the first to include mental health on his priority list. President Obama extended his vision and brought a broader dimension to the table, where mental illness was seen as a  disorder rather than a sickness as when one becomes physical ill, and how the tow (physical and mental illness) are quite different from one another, especially in how both are treated.


Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids.


Caren Howard (2019). Mental Health Conditions. How Trump’s Budget Will Affect People with Mental Health Conditions. Retrieved February 28. 2020 from


er. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.

Issues with substance abuse and addiction in healthcare
Addiction to drugs and alcohol is an issue since it hurts both the users and those around them. Notably, whereas healthcare costs for treatment account for around $120 billion of the $420 billion in annual financial impact caused by substance use and abuse (McLellan, 2017).
The social system, education, and health are also negatively impacted, and there is an increase in the number of young people dying in accidents, from drug overdoses, and as a result of drug violence.
Addiction to drugs and alcohol is widespread. About 47600 people died from opioid overdoses in 2017, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), while others were revived by the antagonist naloxone (Cicero, Ellis & Kasper, 2020).
Legislation must therefore take into account the agenda to help minimize measures to discourage misuse and diversion. The nurse’s involvement in setting the agenda for substance abuse and addiction is to assist in recommending the best system of care that would aid in reducing opioid usage.
Informing people about the effects that substance use has on them and providing specifics about the areas that need to be addressed when establishing intervention measures are additional roles that nurses perform (Laureate Education (Producer), 2018). Additionally, by comprehending political activities, nurses assist the legislature in determining the best strategy to advance change in regulation and state law (0’Rourke et al., 2017). Last but not least, the nurse contributes to investigating the possible outcomes of quick therapies for patients with substance abuse and addiction. Therefore, nurses have a responsibility to make sure that the law offers kids appropriate, necessary, and easily available services.
Ellis, M. S., Cicero, T. J., and Kasper, Z. A. (2020). A more comprehensive knowledge of drug usage during the opioid crisis is provided by polysubstance use. 110(2), 244–250, American Journal of Public Health.
Producer: Laureate Education (2018). Agenda Setting [Video File]. Baltimore, Maryland: A. T. McLellan (2017). Why are drug abuse and addiction problems important in healthcare? American Clinical and Climatological Association Transactions, 128, 112.
Morris, N. S., O’Rourke, N. C., Crawford, S. L., and Pulcini, J. (2017). Nurse practitioners’ political effectiveness and involvement. Nursing Practice, Policy, & Politics, 18(3), 135-1
Discussion: Agenda Comparison Grids.


Discussion Questions (DQ)

  • Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
  • Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
  • One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
  • I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.

Weekly Participation

  • Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
  • In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
  • Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
  • Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.

APA Format and Writing Quality

  • Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
  • Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
  • I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.

Use of Direct Quotes

  • I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
  • As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
  • It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.


LopesWrite Policy

  • For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
  • Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
  • Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
  • Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.

Late Policy

  • The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
  • Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
  • If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
  • I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
  • As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.


  • Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:
    • Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
    • Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.

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