Capella Windshield Survey Upper Marlboro City, Maryland Report
Conduct a windshield survey to identify a population and its primary health concern. Develop a 3–5-page report that explains demographic changes for a population and describes the health disparities and social determinants of health that can affect the population.
Note: The assessments in this course build upon each other. You are strongly encouraged to complete them in sequence.
Show LessBy successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:
- Competency 1: Explain the principles and concepts of disease prevention and health promotion for diverse and vulnerable populations.
- Describe a vulnerable or diverse population living within a neighborhood or community.
- Describe disease prevention and health promotion for a vulnerable or diverse population.
- Competency 4: Examine the ethical, legal, and economic factors related to health disparities in diverse and vulnerable populations.
- Identify health disparities and social determinants of health that can affect a vulnerable or diverse population.
- Competency 5: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and consistent with expectations for members of the health care professions.
- Describe the overall condition of a neighborhood or community.
- Write content clearly and logically, with correct use of grammar, punctuation, APA formatting, and mechanics.
Check Your ProgressUse this online tool to track your performance and progress through your course.
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As the population of the United States grows more diverse, the health care workforce must increase awareness of cultural differences and the overall shift in the demographics of the entire population. To provide high-quality health care to a community or population, health workers and educators must be competent in their understanding of the relevant characteristics of its ethnic or cultural groups. The ability of nurses to deliver high-quality care to a diverse population will influence health prevention and the treatment of illness.Show Less
A windshield survey helps you create a portrait of the people who live within a specific neighborhood or community. This is an inexpensive, time-efficient way to assess and better understand a community and the people who live within that community. Understanding the demographics of a community will help you determine the kinds of health-related issues that are likely to exist, so you can plan the most appropriate types of wellness programs, health education, and disease prevention.
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Questions to Consider
To deepen your understanding, you are encouraged to consider the questions below and discuss them with a fellow learner, a work associate, an interested friend, or a member of the business community.
- What are the most important things to know about a population in order to address health care needs?
- What vulnerable and diverse populations are present in your community?
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The following resources are required to complete the assessment.
Click the link provided to view the following resource:
The following optional resources are provided to support you in completing the assessment or to provide a helpful context. For additional resources, refer to the Research Resources and Supplemental Resources in the left navigation menu of your courseroom.
Click the links provided below to view the following multimedia pieces:
- APA Citation: Citing a Book | Transcript.
- APA Citation: Citing a Web Site | Transcript.
- APA Citation: Citing a Journal Article | Transcript.
The following e-books or articles from the Capella University Library are linked directly in this course:
- Bailey, D. N. (2010). Healthcare of vulnerable populations: Through the lens of Halldorsdottir’s theory. International Journal for Human Caring, 14(3), 54–60.
- Sørensen, K., Van den Broucke, S., Fullam, J., Doyle, G., Pelikan, J., Slonska, Z., & Brand, H. (2012). Health literacy and public health: A systematic review and integration of definitions and models. BMC Public Health, 12(1), 80–92.
- Fukuzawa, D. D. (2013). Achieving healthy communities through community-centered health systems. National Civic Review, 102(4), 57–60.
- Deguzman, P. B., & Kulbok, P. A. (2012). Changing health outcomes of vulnerable populations through nursing’s influence on neighborhood built environment: A framework for nursing research. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 44(4), 341–348.
- Siegel, B. (2013). REAL data collection essential for care of vulnerable populations. Journal of Healthcare Management, 58(6), 392–394.
- Dilworth-Anderson, P., Pierre, G., & Hilliard, T. S. (2012). Social justice, health disparities, and culture in the care of the elderly. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 40(1), 26–32.
- Johnson, K. S. (2013). Racial and ethnic disparities in palliative care. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 16(11), 1329–1334.
- Denton, F. T., & Spencer, B. G. (2010). Chronic health conditions: Changing prevalence in an aging population and some implications for the delivery of health care services. Canadian Journal on Aging, 29(1), 11–21.
- Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Hyun-Jun, K., Barkan, S. E., Muraco, A., & Hoy-Ellis, C. P. (2013). Health disparities among lesbian, gay, and bisexual older adults: Results from a population-based study. American Journal of Public Health, 103(10), 1802–1809.
Course Library Guide
A Capella University library guide has been created specifically for your use in this course. You are encouraged to refer to the resources in the BSN-FP4010 – Health Promotion and Disease Prevention in Vulnerable and Diverse Populations Library Guide to help direct your research.
The resource listed below is relevant to the topics and assessments in this course and is not required. Unless noted otherwise, this resource is available from the Capella University Bookstore. When searching the bookstore, be sure to look for the Course ID with the specific –FP (FlexPath) course designation.
- Pérez, M. A., & Luquis, R. R. (Eds.). (2014). Cultural competence in health education and health promotion (2nd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
- Chapters 1, 2, 3, 7, and 9.
Over the past few years, leadership for the health care organization for which you work has noticed a distinct change in the population served by the organization. Leadership wants to make sure they are addressing the needs of this population. You have been asked to participate on an interdisciplinary team that is charged with learning how the population has changed and what needs to be done within the organization to develop a wellness education program that will target the needs and concerns of the population. Your first step in this process is to conduct a windshield survey and report your findings back to your team.A windshield survey is an inexpensive, time-efficient way to assess and better understand a community and the people who live within that community. Understanding the demographics of a community will help you determine the health-related issues that are likely to exist so you can plan the most appropriate types of wellness programs, health education, and disease prevention programs. Windshield surveys are done by making visual observations of a neighborhood or community while driving; hence the name. This type of survey lets you observe the housing conditions, use of open spaces, shopping, schools, types of transportation, human services, protective services, and other aspects of the overall daily life of a community.Before you start, you need to identify the boundaries of the neighborhood or community you plan to observe. For the purposes of this course, you should keep the size of the area to no more than 2–3 square miles. The area should be large enough for you to gather relevant information, but small enough that your observation does not take you more than 1–2 hours. With this size, it is not necessary to use a car to complete the survey; you can also walk or bike. Whichever method you use, be mindful of your personal safety. It may be helpful to map out the route you will take ahead of time. It can also be helpful (and safer) to have another person do the driving while you observe and make notes.Once you are on the route, start making observations right away. Stop frequently to write down notes. A template is provided in the Required Resources to help you document your observations.The timing of your observation can be important in helping you focus on specific items. If possible, consider conducting your survey more than once at different times of the day. For example, if you make your observations too early in the morning, you may miss things that take place later in the day that provide a different perspective of the neighborhood. It is also important to be as objective as possible when making your observations.
- Conduct the windshield survey, using the template located in the Required Resources for this assessment.
- Use the template as a guide to write a report for your team. If possible, look at other written documents used within your organization. How are they formatted? Follow that format as closely as possible, making sure you still use APA guidelines for your in-text references, citations, and reference page.
Based on your observations and notes from your survey experience, write a report that includes the following:
- Describe, briefly, the neighborhood or community you observed (overall condition, types of spaces and businesses, evidence of services, and so forth).
- Describe a vulnerable or diverse population you observed living within the neighborhood or community.
Now you will need to do some research on the population you described:
- Explain how the demographics for the population have changed over the past 5–10 years. Note: This information should be readily available through the United States Census Bureau, similar state Web sites, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, or other professional sites. Be sure your information is current.
- Describe the most prevalent health risks for the population. For example, if your population is senior citizens, then the health risks might be diabetes and loss of mobility. Include statistics on the health risks, such as frequency of occurrence in the population and number of deaths per year in the population.
- Identify the health disparities and social determinants of health that can affect the population. In other words, what will you need to overcome to develop a successful health promotion and disease prevention program for the population?
Your completed assessment should be 3–5 pages in length, not including the title page and reference page. Support your information with references to at least three professional, scholarly, or government resources, and follow current APA guidelines for your in-text citations and references.
- Include a title page and reference page. The completed assessment should be 3–5 pages in length, not including the title page and reference page.
- Reference at least three current scholarly, professional, or government resources.
- Use current APA format for citations and references.
- Use Times New Roman font, 12 point.
- Double space.
Assignment: Implementing Evidence-Based Strategies To Bridge Gaps
Arnaldo Perez Frometa
Health Promotion and Disease Prevention in Vulnerable and Diverse Populations
Over the years, the issue of diversity in health care in the United States has been a matter of concern. The level diversity in health care varies from region to region and from state. Also, in a state, health care diversity differs too from one locale to another. This paper will examine various aspects of health care diversity regarding the health risks and health care needs of people in India Square. The paper will first provide India Square population. The paper will present an overview the available statistical data about the area’s population and then analyze the findings of the community’s windshield survey including how the population has changed in the recent years.
India Square overview
India Square, also called “Little India” or “Bombay” as the name suggests is an area mostly occupied by immigrants, both legal and illegal, from India. The area is in Marion Section, New Jersey State. The area has a total population of 29,000. Of the 29,000 people, around 12,300, nearly 42.4% are of Indian origin, Hispanics (35.2%), African-Americans (13%) whites (7.9%), and (1.5%). Around 21% of the population is 16 years of age and below, 70% above the age of 16 years but less than 60 years, and 9% 60 years old and above (United States Census Bureau, 2018).
Housing. Majority of the population in India Square live in poor housing or rent places to live. Most of these places look unmaintained or poor conditioned. Since most of the people living in India Square are immigrants who came to the states due to lack of resources, they are typically people with a low socioeconomic status; besides living in poor conditions they also live in groups of two or more in order to meet costs together. Their low living standards are evidenced by their houses’ conditions; most of them with cracks, poor sewerage, poor heating facilities etc. they live in such conditions for obvious reason, most of them cannot afford better housing. In addition, while the recommended resident density is 400 residents in every acre, the area is quite congested as every acre is resided by 600 residents (Mina & Miguel, 2013). High demand for housing has increased rents significantly. Also, most of the social activities such as community games are rare as playing grounds are limited.
Education. Although the area has a lot of schools, considerable fraction of India Square teenagers do not finish school leading to a high number of people who did not graduate from high school, despite various government initiatives to encourage children to go through the education system. The high dropout rate can be attributed to the fact that most of the families living here do not formal or secure jobs to sustain their families, therefore, immediately a child reached the age to carry out manual jobs, he or she start looking for a job to support their families, which are usually bigger compared to an average American family.
Culture and religion. At India Square, there is no a specific culture that can be said to be common considering that it is an area occupied by people with different cultures. People of Indian origin practice their culture, same with African-American, Hispanics Whites and others. However, regarding religion, people are generally divided into two major groups; Hinduism for the India originated population, and Christianity for most of the other races. In fact, as one walk around the most common holly places are Churches and Temples.
Health Services. There are a several health centers in India Square. However, because majority of the people do not have health insurance, they find it difficult to access health services from the existing health centers. It is a common practice not to seek medical services unless or, until the illness gets to another level.
Transportation and businesses. Like in any other area New Jersey City, the community of Indian Square enjoys a good, both private and public, transport system.
Demographic Changes in India Square
In India Square, the three major races account for around 90% of the population, that is, Indian-Americans 42.4%, Hispanics 35.2%, and African-Americans 13%. Of these, most of them live under poverty level while majority of the remaining are slightly above the poverty level, since most families depend on one of the family members to sustain them. Until 2014, the population of this area was growing at very high rate due to high rate of illegal immigration. However, in the last 5 years, the rate has slowed down probably because of the tough stand of the government against immigrants (United States Census Bureau, 2018).
Health Risks and Health Care Needs in Indian Square
Considering this population’s living standards, most health risks are related to low economic status. Among the common health risks include; Substance use which can be attributed to their inability to handle stressing situations caused by low quality of life. Alcohol is the most commonly substance used (47% population take alcohol at least once per week), followed by smoking 35% of all senior citizens being smokers. Most deaths in the area are caused by heart diseases, diabetes, and cancer, among others. As mentioned earlier, very people have medical insurance due to high level of unemployment (Carter, Omenn & Mona, 2016). Communicable diseases and HIV are other health risks.
In this community, health care can be improved by cre