Assignment: Correlational Study

Assignment: Correlational Study

Assignment: Correlational Study

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Correlational study:

The goal of this assignment is for you to evaluate findings from a correlational study and devise a method to experimentally test those findings. You will write your paper using the following information (based on the findings of Jackson et al., 2012):

Jackson et al. (2012) conducted research to see if increased video game use is associated with increased creativity. 491 children, with an average age of 12.34 years, took part in the study. Participants were drawn from 20 middle schools spread across Michigan’s southern lower peninsula, as well as from Detroit. About half of the participants (53%) were female, 34% were African American, and 66% were Caucasian American. In one section of the study, the children indicated the extent of their video game use on a 7-point scale, where 1 equals not at all, 2 equals about once a month, 3 equals a few times a month, 4 equals a few times a week, 5 equals everyday, but for less than 1 hour, 6 equals everyday, for 1–3 hours, and 7 equals everyday, for more than 3 hours. In another section of the study, the children took the Torrance Test of Creativity, which consisted of a series of simple shapes on a piece of paper. They were instructed to draw a picture or object that included the shape as part of it for each shape. The children were told to try to draw unusual pictures that no one else would think of. Six trained raters coded the responses of the children to the task. Each drawing was coded based on overall creativity (1 = not at all creative, 2 = creative, 3 = very creative), and the mean creativity score for each child was calculated. The coders’ inter-rater reliability was excellent. Jackson et al. discovered that children’s frequency of video game use was positively correlated with their creativity scores (r =.59). Playing video games, according to the authors, may help with creativity.

Part 1 of Correlational study

Answer the following questions:

1. How well do you think this relationship generalizes to the U.S. population? Why or why not?

2. How did Jackson et al. (2012) operationalize the variables “video game use”, and “creativity”?

3. Address whether these findings meet the three rules for causal claims:

Covariance? Temporal precedence? Internal validity?

Are the authors in a position to make the causal claim that playing video games makes you more creative?

Assignment: Correlational Study

Assignment: Correlational Study

Part 2 of Correlational study

according to Assignment: Correlational Study, Come up with your own idea for an experiment to test the question of whether playing video games enhances creativity. For this portion, it may be helpful to consult Morling, pages 492-494, and the example articles on blackboard.

4. Identify the independent variable. How will you manipulate your independent variable? How many levels will choose to have for your independent variable?

5. Identify the dependent variable. How will you measure your dependent variable?

6. What experimental design will you use to test the hypothesis? Would your design be an independent-groups design or a within-groups design?

If your design is independent-groups:  would it be post test-only, or pretest/post test? How will people be assigned to conditions?

If your design is within-groups:  what will be the order of conditions?

7. Describe the general outline of the experiment. For example, who will your participants be? Where will you conduct the experiment? What will participants be told about the purpose of the experiment? What will be the tasks that participants complete in the different conditions?  What control variables would you include in your design (i.e., what factors would you aim to hold constant)? Provide as much detail as possible.

8. How would your design choices address threats to internal validity?

Selection effects?  Design confounds? Order effects?

9. State your predictions using your specific operational definitions of the independent and dependent variable. What pattern of results would support your predictions?

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Correlational study requirements

Your assignment should be submitted in the form of an essay that addresses all of the points above. Your essay should be 3-4 double-spaced pages in length, with 12 point font and standard 1-inch margins.

ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE CLASS

Discussion Questions (DQ)

  • Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, including a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
  • Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
  • One or two-sentence responses, simple statements of agreement, or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
  • I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.

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Weekly Participation

  • Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
  • In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
  • Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
  • Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.

APA Format and Writing Quality

  • Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
  • Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
  • I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.

Assignment: Correlational Study

Use of Direct Quotes

  • I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’s level and deduct points accordingly.
  • As Masters’s level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
  • It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.

 

LopesWrite Policy

  • For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
  • Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
  • Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
  • Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.

Late Policy

  • The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
  • Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
  • If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
  • I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
  • As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.

Communication

  • according to Assignment: Correlational Study, Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me: 
    • Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
    • Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.

 

 

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